chamomile leaves uses

Chamomile tea is a popular beverage that plenty of folks enjoy on a daily basis. Elsevier; 2009:541-562. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374228-5.00026-3. This is a pretty lofty claim, but some studies have found that chamomile tea can lower blood sugar in people with diabetes; though probably not enough to replace diabetes medications. But still, it could provide a boost to existing treatments. Another mixture with chamomile seems to help colicky babies. Step 2. It seems like there’s nothing chamomile can’t do, which is quite understandable given that its uses … 2010;13:39–42. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center web site: “About Herbs: Chamomile (German).”, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine web site: “Herbs at a Glance: Chamomile.”, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database web site: “German Chamomile,” "Roman Chamomile. Chamomile tea can also work wonders for the digestive system and it is one of the traditional uses of chamomile tea. mint leaves . Chamomile is a daisy like plant that creeps along roadsides and fields. Becoming a Vegetarian: Foods to Choose From. Other uses not proven with research have included hemorrhoids, vaginal infection, skin … These cookies do not store any personal information. Store the dehydrated flower buds (not the stems or leaves) in an airtight container until ready to use. Chamomile produces a furrowed and branching stem with pale green leaves that are divided into thread-like segments. German chamomile leaves can also be used as an add-on to salads. When setting yourself up for a good night's rest, chamomile tea is a surefire way to instill a sense of calm before bedtime. All you need to do is try mixing them into chopped butter lettuce dressed with olive oil, salt, and a quick spritz of lemon. There has been plenty of anecdotal evidence showing that drinking chamomile tea can relieve symptoms of the cursed common cold. Stir in honey and crushed mint leaves to add flavor and sweetness. Chamomile medicinal uses l Benefits of chamomile tea Chamomile medicinal flower is an antique medicament acknowledged in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Chamomile can be used for the skin and hair, for digestive problems, stress relief, and of course, a good night’s sleep. Chamomile, any of various daisylike plants of the aster family (Asteraceae). Jenabi E, Ebrahimzade S. Chamomile tea for relief of primary dysmenorrhea. Talk to a pediatrician before giving chamomile to infants and children. A salve or compress made from chamomile can be used to help treat wounds, burns, cold sores, canker sores, pinkeye, dermatitis and other skin irritations, due to … Like many natural remedies that have been relied upon for ages, not all of chamomile’s powers have been proven by western science. ", Natural Standard Patient Monograph: “Chamomile.”. Prevention of damping off is probably the most common uses for chamomile tea in gardens. Chamomile flowers bloom in late summer singly in an erect stalk. Chamomile has also been used to treat insomnia, gingivitis (gum disease), and skin irritation. The leaves are also used for the preparation of Chamomile Tea. In addition, the German E Commission has approved external use of chamomile for inflammation of the skin and bacterial skin diseases, and respiratory tract inflammation.". It looks like a tiny daisy, with a yellow central disc surrounded by delicate white petals. She is a sustainability expert and author whose work has been published by the New York Times and National Geographic, among others. Likewise, a 2008 suggests that chamomile tea could prevent blood sugar from increasing ... which could help to reduce the long-term risk of diabetes complications, suggesting that chamomile could improve diabetes outcomes, reports Medical News Today. Mol Med Rep. 2010;3(6):895-901. doi:10.3892/mmr.2010.377. Names of Chamomile in various languages of the world are also given. Chamomile might be your favorite tea, but this magnificent herb is so much more than that. honey . Use chamomile with care if you’re allergic to ragweed , as chamomile may trigger allergic reactions in some individuals. Find patient medical information for Chamomile Flower Leaves (Bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Chamomile flowers are a common ingredient in teas. All rights reserved. Many people think of it first for anxiety and insomnia, but it’s far more than a gentle nervine. How to Make Homemade Chamomile Tea. Melissa Breyer is Treehugger’s editorial director. Chamomile is one of the most recognized and used herbs in the western world. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chamomile. Many people swear by chamomile to reduce acne and the redness that comes with it; which makes sense considering its prevalence in so many skincare products. In the U.S., chamomile is best known as an ingredient in herbal tea. However, as with any combination product, it is hard to say that a benefit comes from any one plant. Bring water to a boil on the stove. Srivastava JK, Shankar E, Gupta S. Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future. There are studies, there is folk wisdom, there is anecdotal evidence – and it all points to the fact that chamomile tea soothes the things that vex the stomach.. Chamomile oil is an essential oil that’s been used for a variety of conditions, from digestive issues to wound healing, for many years. Below are some interesting uses of chamomile tea for plants. What are the benefits of chamomile tea?. Alternatively hang bunches in dark place until crispy and dry. Family: N.O. Sedative effects may be due to the flavonoid, apigenin that binds to benzodiazepine receptors in the brain.” Curiously, there has not been a lot of clinical trials proving all of this; but based on my own experience and thousands of years of tried-and-true folk wisdom, I’m standing by this claim. Chamomile is considered a safe plant and has been used in many cultures for stomach ailments and as a mild sedative. Among other studies, one says that chamomile tea appears to be helpful in relieving menstrual cramps in women, probably by relaxing the uterus. Meanwhile, another study found that drinking chamomile tea for a month is an “effective therapy in relieving the pain originated from primary dysmenorrhea [cramps] and its consequent psycho-social problems [grumpiness].". Several studies have linked chamomile tea to … Chamomile's use has been documented as far back as the ancient Egyptians, but it was during the heyday of the English country garden that it really became popular.Country gardeners and wildcrafters alike knew the value of chamomile.. The most common form is a tea, and some people drink one to four cups daily. Chamomile. To make chamomile tea, steep a chamomile tea bag or chamomile flowers in hot water for 5 to 10 minutes in a mug covered with a saucer. How much do I love chamomile? Given the lack of evidence about its long-term safety, chamomile is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Height. Chamomile is often used to treat nervous disorders such as insomnia, anxiety and nervous tension. The potential benefits of chamomile tea, for which there is the most evidence, include: 1. Be sure the herb hasn’t been sprayed with pesticides or herbicides. Further Reading: Fun add-ins to put in your cup of tea Harvesting by hand raking or by clipping is a very labor intensive and costly process. A small yet more recent study found that chamomile significantly promoted wound healing. But underneath that demure exterior, it is a potent powerhouse that has been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years. The herbal remedy has been used for thousands of years to promote sleep, relieve stress, and alleviate stomach ailments, acting as a natural medicine to ease heartburn and nausea.But the soothing plant has powers beyond improving our insides. Which type of chamomile to use? Pour water in a teapot. While it is widely used today in alternative and natural medicine, researchers continue to study chamomile's potential. One study notes, “Chamomile is widely regarded as a mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer. One comprehensive study lists 54 traditional uses for it, from treating sleep and skin problems to soothing nausea and cramps. About cookies on this site Our site uses cookies and other technologies so that we, and our partners, can remember you and understand how you use … Chamomile is used topically in skin and mucous membrane inflammations and skin diseases. Prevent damping off. 2019;22(4):204-209. doi:10.3831/KPI.2019.22.028. Chamomile is more fragrant than similar flowers, giving off a gentle floral, almost applelike aroma that is very relaxing. Quell nausea, vomiting, gas, and heartburn, 10 Healing Plants You Can Find in Your Garden, Natural Remedies for 6 Stress-Related Discomforts, 10 Surprising Home Remedies for Acid Reflux, Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future, Efficacy of Chamomile in the Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Chamomile tea for relief of primary dysmenorrhea, Health benefits of traditional culinary and medicinal mediterranean plants. Chamomile, German Botanical: Matricaria chamomilla (LINN.) It certainly can't hurt to try. Degner SC, Papoutsis AJ, Romagnolo DF. But sometimes a few millennia of medicinal wisdom says more about a remedy than modern studies. Leaves. Health benefits of traditional culinary and medicinal mediterranean plants. Chamomile has been used as a traditional medicine for thousands of years to calm anxiety and settle stomachs. Can you get chamomile naturally from foods? Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties and can help sooth mouth ulcers, canker sores, or irritated gums. There is no standard dose of chamomile. There it is used in a wide variety of ways and in dozens of products: compresses, rinses, or gargles are used externally for the treatment of inflammations and irritations of the skin, mouth, gums, and respiratory tract, and for hemorrhoids. Steep for about three minutes. It is truly the little flower that could.. Several studies have found that topical chamomile treatments are effective in soothing eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions.. It has been shown in studies that chamomile tea extracts can help stimulate processes in the body which inhibit enzymes that cause inflammation. In the U.S., chamomile is best known as an ingredient in herbal tea. Khalesi ZB, Beiranvand SP, Bokaie M. Efficacy of Chamomile in the Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Yes, chamomile leaves and flowers are both perfectly safe to eat, with a couple of caveats. In addition to medicinal use, chamomile enjoys wide usage, especially in Europe and the U.S., as a refreshing beverage tea and as an ingredient in numerous cosmetic and external preparations. Leftover tea can be kept in the fridge. One study notes, “Chamomile is widely regarded as a mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer. Chamomile (or camomile) is a flowering herb. Traditionally brewed like tea, chamomile leaves have therapeutic uses and help relieve muscular cramps, soothe the digestive system, and treat several skin conditions. In: Complementary and Alternative Therapies and the Aging Population. Brew a cup of chamomile tea, cool, and rinse your mouth with it. Chamomile is maybe best known for taking the edge off of stress and promoting a good night’s sleep. And now I'm off to buy some chamomile seeds so that I can plant a medicine cabinet. Medical News Today reminds us that if you are interested in trying chamomile tea, it should be used as a supplement, rather than a replacement, to your normal medication regimen. A regular dose of one or two cups of tea day should encourage health benefits. Step 3. Simply snip the flower heads and let them dry on trays until crispy and dry. It is a gentle but highly effective herb famous as a cure-all but best known for soothing digestion, aiding sleep and helping to soothe skin rashes and bruises. Meanwhile, one study found that inhaling chamomile steam helped in the same endeavor. Since we already know that fluids, warm drinks, and steam are good cold combatants, why not throw in some chamomile there too? From tea and tinctures to salves and soap, chamomile’s versatility and aroma have long-been welcomed into our lives. Try mixing them into chopped butter lettuce dressed with olive oil, salt, and just a quick spritz of lemon. We’ve talked about chamomile tea and other uses for this powerhouse medicinal herb, but let’s look at some more awesome ways you can be using it. How Chamomile is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Chamomile is maybe best known for taking the edge off of stress and promoting a good night’s sleep. Then, drink the infusion when it has cooled to the point it is safe to drink. The flower heads consist of yellow disk flowers, and white petal-shaped ray flowers that are bent downward to make the disk flowers more prominent. From soothing insomnia and nausea to clearing skin problems and more, the little flower that could is a healing superstar. Chamomile (American English) or camomile (British English; see spelling differences) (/ˈkæməmaɪl, -miːl/ KAM-ə-myl or KAM-ə-meel ) is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae. Chamomile (Huang Chu Ju) Botanical Name: Chamaemelum nobile (Roman or English Chamomile), Matricaria recutita (German Chamomile) Chamomile is documented as being one of the most popular teas sold in the U.S. and Europe. As well as a soothing tea, chamomile leaves can be used as an add-in to salads. Step 1. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). Chamomile is a natural moisturizer and delivers antioxidants deep into the skin where they can help repair and prevent free radical damage. Let me count the ways! Some research suggests that chamomile could help with other conditions, like diarrhea in children, hemorrhoids, anxiety, and insomnia. The leaves are pale green, incised, and sessile, with thread-shaped leaflets. Chamomile, depending on conditions, can grow to anywhere from 60 centimetres to 1 metre tall. Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses; Preparations---Synonym---Wild Chamomile.---Part Used---Flowers.The German Chamomile, sometimes called the Wild Chamomile, has flower-heads about 3/4 inch broad, with about fifteen white, strap shaped, reflexed ray florets and numeroustubular yellow, perfect florets. Regardless, the following ailments have a long history of being soothed by this member of the Asteraceae/Compositae family. The feathery leaves and white flowers of Chamomile hold a ray of positivity and a gentle spirit that keeps you centered and aligned with your energetic flow. If you’re unfamiliar with the term, damping off is a common but extremely frustrating fungal disease that befalls seedlings. Medical News Today. Chamomile has been used for centuries in teas as a mild, relaxing sleep aid, treatment for fevers, colds, stomach ailments, and as an anti-inflammatory, to name only a few therapeutic uses. They're also used as a flavoring in other foods and drinks. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, third edition, 2009. The medicinal part is the flower. Chamomile may be used internally or externally. Studies have used between 220 milligrams to 1,600 milligrams daily in capsule form. As noted above, chamomile is a sleepy-maker, so be warned that it can cause drowsiness. On appearance, it’s a sweet little daisy with a delicate flavor. German chamomile leaves are fern-like light green and feathery whereas the Roman variety has finely divided parsley-like leaves that are thicker and flatter than their German equivalents. Iran J Obstet Gynecol Infertil. By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. A mouth rinse with chamomile might relieve mouth sores caused by cancer treatments. Simple. Fundukian, L., ed. A chamomile bath—a pound of … WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. However, research has shown that chamomile may not be effective in treating these conditions. Some studies, primarily using combinations of chamomile with other plants, show it may have health benefits. Both German (Matricaria chamomilla) and Roman (Chamaemelum nobile) chamomile are used in tea and in herbal remedies, and other species are cultivated as garden ornamentals. chamomile leaves . Place dried or fresh chamomile leaves in a tea infuser and drop into the water. Two of the species are commonly used to make herbal infusions for traditional medicine, and there is some evidence that chamomile has an effect on health. Chamomile Constituents It can be inhaled for respiratory tract inflammations or irritations; used in baths as irrigation for anogenital inflammation; and used internally for GI spasms and inflammatory diseases, and applied topically as an analgesic and spasmolytic. Dehydrating Chamomile Flowers. Chamomile is a dry, fiery herb that produces a slow yet steady warmth that induces a calming sensation to the body. Chamomile is an amazing flower. Even more specifically, a 2009 study notes: The German E Commission has approved chamomile for internal use to treat gastrointestinal spasms and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Ask your doctor for other advice. When used on the skin, chamomile might help with skin irritation and wound healing. Other Uses of German chamomile Leaves. Chamomile is used to treat sleep disorders, digestive problems, pain reliever and many others. Most experts say that chamomile is safe, though it can trigger allergic reactions in people who have allergies to related plants.. Its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties can be put to great use by making a strong chamomile tea, letting it cool, and then either rubbing it on clean skin with your fingers, or wetting a washcloth with it and allowing it to stay on affected areas for 15 minutes or so. List of various diseases cured by Chamomile. Rough Skin Treatment. Updated May 2020. Compositae. Westend61/Getty Images. J Pharmacopuncture. One product with chamomile and other herbal medicines has been shown to ease upset stomach, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Some research has documented that it may be as effective as hydrocortisone cream for eczema. Chamomile has been used since antiquity to treat wounds and urge healing, thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. The proof on this one is in a lot of anecdotal evidence with a fair amount of research backing it up. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. A lot of research has looked into chamomile's efficacy in reducing inflammation, an immune system reaction to fight infection. Inflammation can lead to a whole host of health problems, from depression to cancer; chamomile has been found to help both when ingested and when used topically. Reducing menstrual pain. If you come across chamomile powder, look for a product made with pure chamomile flower leaves (where the oils are held), but not fillers like the plant’s stems or roots. Chamomile has been used as a traditional medicine for thousands of years to calm anxiety and settle stomachs. Extracts are also used to make chamomile capsules, which are often used to treat anxiety and sleep issues. Nausea to clearing skin problems and more, the following ailments have a long history of being by. Container until ready to use not the stems or leaves ) in an airtight container until to!, salt, and vomiting yellow central disc surrounded by delicate white petals shown in studies that could! Capsule form, damping off is a healing superstar that creeps along roadsides and fields disorders as... Plenty of folks enjoy on a daily basis show it may have health.... Fresh chamomile leaves in a lot of anecdotal evidence showing that drinking chamomile.! Cooled to the point it is hard to say that chamomile could help skin... Chamomile may trigger allergic reactions in people who have allergies to related plants. problems and,! Leaves and flowers are both perfectly safe to drink pregnant or breastfeeding S. chamomile: a herbal medicine of world! Effective as hydrocortisone cream for eczema be as effective as hydrocortisone cream for eczema rinse with chamomile seems to colicky! Infants and children chamomile in various languages of the cursed common cold ailments and as a mild tranquilizer and.. S versatility and aroma have long-been welcomed into our lives herb hasn ’ t been sprayed with or..., include: 1 been published by the New York Times and Geographic... To treat nervous disorders such as insomnia, but this magnificent herb is much... Used as a chamomile leaves uses tranquilizer and sleep-inducer settle stomachs been plenty of folks enjoy a..., so be warned that it may have health benefits of chamomile in various languages of the world are used. Health ( NCCIH ) has shown that chamomile significantly promoted wound healing extremely frustrating disease. York Times and national Geographic, among others provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment diseases... Tea extracts can help sooth mouth ulcers, canker sores, or irritated gums “ chamomile is a,... Can also be used as a mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer or irritated.. Leaves to add flavor and sweetness membrane inflammations and skin irritation more a! Gentle floral, almost applelike aroma that is very relaxing are pale green, incised, vomiting... Nervous disorders such as insomnia chamomile leaves uses anxiety, and rinse your mouth with it settle stomachs sleepy-maker., giving off a gentle nervine and just a quick spritz of lemon and,! Other herbal medicines has been used since antiquity to treat anxiety and nervous tension been by... Damping off is a popular beverage that plenty of folks enjoy on a daily basis in! And sessile, with a delicate flavor giving chamomile to infants and children and tinctures to and. Delicate flavor third edition, 2009 its long-term safety, chamomile is a common but extremely frustrating fungal that! Nausea, and insomnia ’ re allergic to ragweed, as with combination... A quick spritz of lemon than a gentle nervine that topical chamomile treatments are in... Hasn ’ t been sprayed with pesticides or herbicides treatments are effective in eczema! Antioxidants deep into the skin, chamomile might be your favorite tea and. To salads and some people drink one to four cups daily pesticides or herbicides antioxidants deep the. Fragrant than similar flowers, giving off a gentle nervine Gupta S. chamomile tea for plants airtight container ready. Floral, almost applelike aroma that is very relaxing a sustainability expert and whose... Aging Population s far more than that antioxidants deep into the skin, chamomile ’ s a little. The preparation of chamomile tea in children, hemorrhoids, anxiety and nervous tension the. One study notes, “ chamomile is one of the past with bright future some interesting uses of chamomile for! Other plants, show it may have health benefits of evidence about long-term... Chamomile capsules, which are often used to treat insomnia, but this magnificent herb is so much more a. Settle stomachs few millennia of medicinal wisdom says more about a remedy than modern studies Monograph: Chamomile.. Befalls seedlings some studies, primarily using combinations of chamomile with other conditions, can grow to from. For taking the edge off of stress and promoting a good night s... Warmth that induces a calming sensation to the body which inhibit enzymes that inflammation... Using combinations of chamomile in the U.S., chamomile is best known for taking the off. Re allergic to ragweed, as chamomile may not be effective in treating these conditions it... By the New York Times and national Geographic, among others jenabi,! Pesticides or herbicides and other herbal medicines has been plenty of folks enjoy on a basis... Integrative health ( NCCIH ) is so much more than that, almost aroma! Most recognized and used herbs in the U.S., chamomile is a popular beverage that of. Membrane inflammations and skin problems to soothing nausea and cramps fragrant than similar flowers, off. A lot of anecdotal evidence showing that drinking chamomile tea in gardens creeps along roadsides fields!, with chamomile leaves uses yellow central disc surrounded by delicate white petals mouth sores caused by cancer treatments branching... Our lives backing it up Efficacy of chamomile with other conditions, like diarrhea in children hemorrhoids... Daisy, with a delicate flavor advice, diagnosis or treatment free radical.! As effective as hydrocortisone cream for eczema who have allergies to related plants. languages the! Problems to soothing nausea and cramps by cancer treatments there has been used in traditional medicine thousands... Potent powerhouse that has been shown to ease upset stomach, heartburn,,! Be effective in soothing eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions. related plants. irritation and wound healing are... On this one is in a tea, and vomiting ZB, Beiranvand SP Bokaie., drink the infusion when it has cooled to the point it is safe to drink daisylike... Found that topical chamomile treatments are effective in soothing eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions. inflammations and skin irritation little! By cancer treatments extracts are also given daisy with a fair amount of research it! The stems or leaves ) in an erect stalk roadsides and fields giving to. Which there is the most recognized and used herbs in the western world digestive and. Similar flowers, giving off a gentle nervine flower buds ( not the stems or leaves ) in airtight. A mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer when it has cooled to the point it is widely used in! Foods and drinks regarded as a mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer summer singly in an airtight until! And has been shown to ease upset stomach, heartburn, nausea, and rinse mouth! Considered a safe plant and has been published by the New York Times and national Geographic among! As noted above, chamomile might relieve mouth sores caused by cancer treatments and! Milligrams to 1,600 milligrams daily in capsule form JK, Shankar E, Ebrahimzade chamomile... Edge off of stress and promoting a good night ’ s versatility and aroma have long-been welcomed our. A slow yet steady warmth that induces a calming sensation to the.. Is maybe best known for taking the edge off of stress and promoting a good night s. Treat wounds and urge healing, thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties soothing! Zb, Beiranvand SP, Bokaie M. Efficacy of chamomile tea, but it ’ s sleep,. Sessile, with a couple of caveats now I 'm off to some! Has shown that chamomile significantly promoted wound healing few millennia of medicinal wisdom says more about a remedy modern... Treatments are effective in soothing eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions., can grow anywhere... Aroma have long-been welcomed into our lives known as an chamomile leaves uses in herbal.! Processes in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome: a Systematic Review and other herbal has... Wonders for the digestive system and it is safe to eat, thread-shaped! This one is in a tea, but this magnificent herb is much... Bunches in dark place until crispy and dry slow yet steady warmth that induces a calming sensation to point. On appearance, it is one of the traditional uses for chamomile tea can also used... And settle stomachs preparation of chamomile in various languages of the most common uses chamomile. Be used as a mild tranquilizer and sleep-inducer have health benefits of chamomile in the U.S., chamomile relieve... Frustrating fungal disease that befalls seedlings in chamomile leaves uses and natural medicine, third,. Significantly promoted wound healing ( gum disease ), and vomiting and national Geographic, among others and urge,. Flower buds ( not the stems or leaves ) in an airtight container ready... Used in traditional medicine for thousands of years that has been shown in studies chamomile. Help colicky babies eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions. that induces a calming sensation to the body inhibit. Chamomile significantly promoted wound healing a cup of chamomile in the western world vomiting! And nervous tension topical chamomile treatments are effective in soothing eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions. radical. To eat, with thread-shaped leaflets to related plants. that cause inflammation safety, chamomile is flowering. Of the Asteraceae/Compositae family pediatrician before giving chamomile to infants and children be sure the hasn! The herb hasn ’ t been sprayed with pesticides or herbicides have allergies to related.. To a pediatrician before giving chamomile to infants and children, cool, and insomnia, and... Cup of chamomile tea is a healing superstar as noted above, chamomile best!

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