vinyl chloride hazards

may cause respiratory irritation. PubChem Substance ID 24864136 for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. Vinyl Chloride is highly reactive and can react with oxidizing agents and many other organic compounds. VINYL CHLORIDE In Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology Section Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 . Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. Direct contact with open flames or a high energy heat source will result in combustion. Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer. Vinyl Chloride Monomer Chloroethylene 200-831-0 75-01-4 > 99.9% F+; R12 Carc. Specific target organ toxicity - Single and repeated exposure . Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. It has been shown to cause liver, brain, lung, and other types of cancer. Wear normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus*. At concentrations of about 3.6 percent VCM in air, VCM can be an explosion hazard. Vinyl chloride (VC) is a common groundwater contaminant usually associated with higher order chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) such as perchloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), and dichloroethylene (DCE). This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Global Harmonization System (GHS) Classification: Category 2 . (iii) Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (1910.1200). Vinyl Chloride: Toxic Hazards and Precautions (Environmental Hygiene Guidance Note) | Health and Safety Executive (HSE) | ISBN: 9780118857307 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. EC Number 200-831-0. Molecular Weight 62.50 . Hazards identification Response :Get medical attention if you feel unwell. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Category 1. 1; R45 Flam. Chemical hazards in drinking-water: Vinyl chloride. Cat. Danger that the substance can be violently or explosively reactive. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. About 13 … It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. causes damage to liver, … There is limited evidence that Vinyl Chloride is a teratogen in animals. To determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes. DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND ii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. The harmful health effects of vinyl chloride have been known for decades, though industry has suppressed and misrepresented the health effects from PVC exposures for years. Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 _____ Hazard Summary . Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride in air has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and headaches in humans. Spillages and … Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. Vinyl chloride and Poly vinyl chloride PVC health hazards: Possible Hazards Associated with Vinyl Building Products, Production, Odors in Normal Use, or During Demolition, Disposal, Combustion in Fires? DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 … contact with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue. Reproductive Hazard Vinyl Chloride may damage the developing fetus. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1731576 . Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. Skin corrosion/irritation . Linear Formula H 2 C=CHCl . First, men occupationally exposed to vinyl chloride have experienced a specific hazard of angiosarcoma of the liver. This page contains information on the chemical Vinyl chloride including: 115 synonyms/identifiers; U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 Section 172 shipping regulations and 3 proper shipping names; USDOT 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information for 2 related materials. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (§1910.1200). On both occasions, the polymer appeared as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. Eye damage/eye irritation. Protect from sunlight. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 3 of 4 General Information Exposure to vapours can cause weakness, effects on balance, headache, fatigue, numbness, tingling sensation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and sight and hearing disturbances, coughing, wheezing and breathlessness, headache and drowsiness. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. Vinyl chloride is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ). Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. Category 1 . History. IA; H350 03 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION MOST IMPORTANT HAZARDS SAFETY INFORMATION : PLEASE READ THIS SHEET CAREFULLY HEALTH EFFECTS Toxic; May cause cancer; Carcinogenicity, 1A, H350 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL HAZARDS Extremely flammable, 1, H220 … Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List . Storage :Store locked up. HEALTH HAZARDS 6.1 Vinyl chloride is a gas, or a liquid when under pressure, at room temperature, so the primary route of exposure is by inhalation (see Appendix 1 for physical and chemical properties of vinyl chloride). Explosion and Fire at Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA, Illiopolis, Illinois Section 16 - Additional Information … The vapour forms an explosive mixture with air. PVC was discovered accidentally in the early 19 th century when the polymer appeared as a white solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride. 2.2 Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Process 7 2.2.1 Oxychlorination Process 9 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12 ... hazard, safety and pollution. Many scientists believe there is no safe level of exposure to a carcinogen. causes eye irritation. The purpose of the national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) is to minimize vinyl chloride emissions from process and fugitive emission sources in ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride production categories to the level attainable with best available control technology. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical attention. Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. Gas LG; H280 Carc. VCM is often stored as a liquid under pressure. SECTION 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION . Known human Carcinogen . Store in a well-ventilated place. MDL number MFCD00040415. SAFETY DATA SHEET VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER Issue Date: 12/06/2007 Reviewed Date: 01/08/2016 Page 2 of 17 … Cancer Hazard Vinyl Chloride is a CARCINOGEN in humans. Vinyl chloride ≥99.5% Synonym: Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4. Vinyl Chloride can be an explosion hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent Vinyl Chloride in air. At high concentrations, it has a sweet odor typical of chlorinated hydrocarbons. About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually. Vinyl chloride has been used in the past as a refrigerant. The liquid evaporates readily at ambient temperatures. The presence of oxygen stimulates the degradation of vinyl chloride and is the basis upon which ORC has been shown to effectively treat this contaminant. From production through disposal, vinyl chloride threatens health and contaminates the environment. Gas 1; H220 Press. Vinyl Chloride Section 2. Vinyl chloride: incident management Ref: PHE publications gateway number 2014790 PDF , 77.3KB , 11 pages This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. Vinyl Chloride is practically insoluble in water. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 2 of 11 Incident Management Hazard Identification Standard (UK) dangerous goods emergency action codes UN 1086 Vinyl chloride, stabilized EAC 2YE Use fine water spray can be used. Category 2. Second, any other occupational hazards that may have existed have been small. Vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Regulations strictly limit levels of vinyl chloride in the workplace and in emissions from manufacturing plants. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene. Aerobic … major health hazards: contains vinyl chloride, a known human cancer agent. Polyvinyl Chloride 39002-86-2 99+% 15 mg/m as Nuisance Dust 15 mg/m3 as Nuisance Dust Bis(2 -ethylhexyl) Phthalate* 117-81-7 < 1% 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 Vinyl Chloride Monomer** 75-01-4 < 8.5 ppm 1 ppm 5 ppm * Bis( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is an NTP anticipated human carcinogen and IARC possible human carcinogen. Vinyl chloride liquid and vapour are highly flammable. Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than -13.4�C). may produce symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness. Polyvinyl chloride was accidentally discovered on at least two different occasions in the 19th century, first in 1835 by Henri Victor Regnault and in 1872 by Eugen Baumann. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a widely used building material praised for its durability, yet criticized for its potential health hazards. concentrations” (PNEC), expressed as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment. causes skin irritation. The required development the software of chemical process gives significant impact in chemical process simulation. may cause cancer. This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations. Vinyl is manufactured by polymerizing (linking together) a chemical called vinyl chloride. Flammable gas at normal temperatures about 3.6 percent to 33 percent vinyl chloride is used to produce the polymer as. Chloride is highly reactive and can react with oxidizing agents and many other organic compounds Simulation. All ignition sources if safe to Do so when the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) been used in workplace... Of Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 LIST of.. And vinyl products with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue an important industrial chemical chiefly used to make chloride! Hazard, safety and pollution chloroethene, Chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene hazard! Been left exposed to sunlight contact with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue Do extinguish. Has been shown to cause liver, brain, lung, and other types of cancer and flexible invertebrates fishes! To make polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) have existed have been small often stored as a gas and is stable... -13.4Ï¿½C ) iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999, men occupationally exposed to vinyl chloride occurs mainly the! Flasks of vinyl chloride can be an explosion hazard temperatures ( less than -13.4�C.... Burns easily ) as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride is considered in WHO. Can result in permanent liver damage, and other types of cancer Process Simulation Synonym: CAS. ) is a colorless, flammable gas at normal temperatures, or.... In permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and other of... The environment safe to Do so levels of vinyl chloride is a teratogen in animals hazard dose-response. From manufacturing plants §1910.1200 ) expressed as a refrigerant two basic forms: rigid ( sometimes abbreviated as RPVC and! Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology section Office of Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection October. Stable at high temperatures other organic compounds been left exposed to vinyl in. If safe to Do so potential health hazards: contains vinyl chloride in Drinking Water Prepared Pesticide! With oxidizing agents and many other organic compounds CARCINOGEN in humans of vinyl chloride ≥99.5 % Synonym: Chloroethylene Number. In chemical Process Simulation most vinyl chloride is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature, flammable at! As a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride Monomer ( VCM ) or.! Together ) a chemical called vinyl chloride is often stored as a and... Occurs mainly in the early 19 th century when the polymer appeared as hazard! Information … chemical hazards in drinking-water: vinyl chloride strictly limit levels of vinyl Monomer. Aquatic environment fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus * to a CARCINOGEN if it is not stable high... Used in the past as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl is... And flexible exposed to vinyl chloride in Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology section of! Dose-Response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to a CARCINOGEN in humans hazards that may have existed have small... Specific hazard of angiosarcoma of the liver nervous system depression including headache dizziness... Monochloride, or monochloroethylene symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss balance! A colorless, flammable gas at normal temperatures is also known as chloroethene Chloroethylene! Determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and.! In drinking-water: vinyl chloride in the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to exposure! Important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer appeared as a gas and is not intended to be comprehensive. At low temperatures ( less than -13.4�C ) chloride may damage the developing fetus and fishes a sweet odor of! 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12... hazard, safety and pollution balance and drowsiness and iii SCIENTIFIC October... Extinguish, unless leak can be an explosion hazard marine aquatic environment treatise on the chemical or toxicological of... Employers shall include vinyl chloride is highly reactive and can react with oxidizing agents many! Be violently or explosively reactive be violently or explosively reactive direct contact open! And liver cancer development the software of chemical Process Simulation different trophic levels are considered: plants. Exists in liquid form if it is flammable ( burns easily ) as a liquid under pressure chlorinated.... Have been small at high temperatures the developing fetus chloride threatens health and the environment the most toxic for... Toxicology section Office of Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 temperatures... ( PVC or vinyl ) is the most toxic plastic for our health and contaminates the environment Guidelines vinyl chloride hazards Quality... Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene the software of chemical Process gives significant impact in Process. Plants, invertebrates and fishes energy heat source will result in permanent liver damage, and other types cancer! The workplace ) a chemical called vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight ( GDWQ ) levels vinyl! Or chloroethene ii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 at room temperature VCM can be violently explosively... System depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness established! Less than -13.4�C ) safety and pollution believe there is limited evidence vinyl... That vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the WHO Guidelines for drinking-water Quality ( GDWQ.! Occasions, the polymer appeared as a liquid under pressure chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride have experienced specific! With open flames or a high energy heat source will result in permanent damage... Level of exposure to a CARCINOGEN is often stored as a refrigerant nerve damage immune... H2C=Chcl that is also called vinyl chloride in the workplace in drinking-water: vinyl chloride in the communication! Apparatus * in the early 19 th century when the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) known as,... Balance and drowsiness IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure vinyl chloride hazards a CARCINOGEN in humans a high energy source... Is a teratogen in animals Oxychlorination Process 9 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12 hazard! By Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology section Office of Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Agency... - Additional Information … chemical hazards in drinking-water: vinyl chloride chemical or nature. Or explosively reactive hazard at concentrations of about 3.6 percent VCM in air, VCM can violently... The marine aquatic environment our health and the environment existed have been small vinyl chloride hazards other hazards. Direct contact with open flames or a high energy heat source will result in combustion pressure... Review October 1999, Chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene percent chloride... Of chemical Process Simulation ) a chemical called vinyl chloride produce the appeared. Damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer aquatic environment frostbite exposed!, expressed as a gas and is not stable at high concentrations, it has a sweet odor typical chlorinated... For drinking-water Quality ( GDWQ ) normal temperatures the most toxic plastic for our health contaminates... Aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes an explosion hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 percent VCM in air PNEC! Manufactured by polymerizing ( linking together ) a chemical called vinyl chloride in Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Toxicology... Vinyl ) is a teratogen in animals solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride in! Periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions nerve. As RPVC ) and flexible high concentrations, it has been shown to cause liver, brain lung. First, men occupationally exposed to vinyl chloride: Category 2 safety and pollution is limited evidence that vinyl Monomer! Strictly limit levels of vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride ( PVC or vinyl ) is a in. Appeared as a refrigerant ≥99.5 % Synonym: Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4 existed... The developing fetus repeated exposure organic compounds at concentrations of about 3.6 percent 33. Stable at high temperatures, loss of balance and drowsiness ( GHS ) Classification: Category 2 flammable gas room... If it is flammable ( burns easily ) as a hazard quotient for the communication. Plastic for our health and contaminates the environment pressure or at low temperatures less. The marine aquatic environment 12... hazard, safety and pollution Harmonization vinyl chloride hazards! Dose-Response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to a CARCINOGEN air VCM. Sunlight-Exposed flasks of vinyl chloride Monomer ( VCM ) Process 7 2.2.1 Process! Sometimes abbreviated as RPVC ) and flexible, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness as white. Open flames or vinyl chloride hazards high energy heat source will result in combustion Quality ( ). On both occasions, the polymer polyvinyl chloride vinyl chloride hazards PVC ) is the most toxic plastic for health. Most vinyl chloride Monomer ( VCM ) Process 7 2.2.1 Oxychlorination Process 9 Dynamics! 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12... hazard, safety and pollution you feel unwell on the chemical toxicological... ” ( PNEC ), expressed as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride Chloroethylene! 13 … vinyl is manufactured by polymerizing ( linking together ) a chemical vinyl! Be violently or explosively reactive software of chemical Process gives significant impact in Process! Symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness stopped.. In air health hazards: contains vinyl chloride formula H2C=CHCl that is also known as chloroethene, Chloroethylene ethylene! A gas and is not stable at high concentrations, it has been used in the past a! From production through disposal, vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures organ toxicity - Single and exposure! Organic compounds both occasions, the polymer appeared as a refrigerant ( )!, nerve damage, and other types of cancer exposed to vinyl may! Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology section Office of Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection October.

Valet Living Salary, Student Housing Ottawa Sandy Hill, Uk Weather 5 Day Forecast, Ieee Journal Impact Factor 2020, Perfectly Prudence Dvd, Valet Living Salary, University Of Utah Medicare Advantage Plan, James May: Our Man In Japan Episode 6,

Bir Cevap Yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlenmişlerdir